Begin your tour of Burma by exploring the diverse range of architecture visible through the city of Yangon. You also visit some of the city’s finest temples, including the spectacular Shwedagon Pagoda and Kyaukhtetgyi Pagoda. Spend the day learning about meditation at the renowned meditation centre of Mahasi Monastery, finding peace and inner harmony.
The tour then heads to Kyaikhtiyo and the Golden Rock. Trek up to the gold leaf covered rock and admire the stunning views while learning about its history as a pilgrimage site. Continue your tour of Burma by heading to the 16th century Mon Kingdom capital of Bago. Visit small neighbourhoods where intricate textiles are still produced by hand and walk past a number of quaint monasteries and nunneries, viewing the peaceful lives of monks and nuns.
From Bago you return to Yangon for a short flight to Mandalay. En-route, visit Ava where a short ferry ride crosses the river to the old wooden Bagaya Monastery. Head back to mandalay and enjoy panoramic views from Mandalay Hill. Then, head to Sagaing, across the Irrawaddy River, home to several grand pagodas and temples.A short car ride takes you to Amarapura, the site of the 200 year old U Bein Bridge. 1.2km in length it is the oldest and longest of its kind in the world. After taking in the sights around Mandalay it’s time to visit Mt Popa as you make you way toward the beautiful Bagan.
After trekking to the summit of Mt Popa and spending the night there, you will drive to Bagan and spend the first evening perusing the temples in a horse-cart ride, stopping at one to watch the magnificent sun set over the temple laden plains. A full day spent sightseeing in Bagan takes in all this marvellous place has to offer – from its scintillating temples to quaint villages and endearing people.
Spiritual Burma Day 1 – Arrive Yangon
Upon arrival, you will be greeted by your guide and transfer to the hotel. This afternoon we’ll venture downtown to explore the diverse city centre with its range of architecture, ethnicities and religions. We’ll start in China Town at a traditional Chinese Temple and for a short walk through the lively streets of this neighbourhood. You will likely pass by a mosque, synagogue and Hindu Temple.
We continue to Sule Paya, a golden stupa built to enshrine a hair of the Buddha. There is an option to meet with a palm reader near Sule (own account). Many Burmese consult with a palm reader or astrologist on a regular basis and especially before a big event such as a wedding, examinations and the birth of a baby. Then take a short walk to the Post Office, passing many colonial-era buildings including the famous Strand Hotel.
Overnight in Yangon.
Spiritual Burma Day 2 – Yangon (B)
OPTION: Wake up early this morning and head to Shwedagon Park. Every morning at 05.30, locals gather to practice Tai Chi and you can join them in their exercises or simply watch. (On request we can arrange a private session with a Tai Chi teacher afterwards)
This morning after breakfast we’ll start the day with a visit Shwedagon Pagoda, Myanmar’s most revered Buddhist monument. The morning hours see many local pilgrims and monks come to pray and make offerings. Although the origins of the pagoda are unclear, the local legend states that the original structure was built 2500 years ago then renovated several times until taking its current shape in the 15th century. The 8-sided central stupa is 99 meters tall and gilded with gold leaf and is surrounded by 64 smaller stupas and your guide will show you around the massive complex, explaining why this temple is so revered.
We will then visit the market at the bottom of the temple which sells a range of Buddhist goods, including monks robes, alms bowls and other items. Continue with a visit to Kyaukhtatgyi Pagoda, home to a 70-metre long reclining Buddha. A visit to Kyaukhtatgyi provides a great overview of Buddhism with murals depicting the life of Buddha, the feet of the statue carved with traditional symbols and often many locals gathering to pay homage and pray.
Next we visit Ahlein Ngar Sint. This temple is unusual in that it was founded by a monk who believes in supernatural phenomenon and its resident monks follow the same set of beliefs. The body of the founder is preserved in a glass case and, unusually, his hair and nails continue to grow. We’ll take a break midday for lunch. We recommend Feel Myanmar, a typical Burmese restaurant popular with the locals. (client’s account)
This afternoon transfer to Mahasi Monastery, one of the best monasteries in Yangon for meditation training. Mahasi is renowned as an ‘Educational Spa’ throughout Burma and many pilgrims come here to learn, study and practice Vipassana meditation. Mahasi usually requires a minimum of one-week of study for the local yogis however they have granted special permission for our clients for a one-day program.
First you’ll meet with the venerable monk who will discuss the importance of meditation in the life of the Burmese Buddhist people (in English). A meditation teacher (monk) will be there to teach you techniques and methods that have been used for centuries. After an hour of instruction and discussion it is time to practice what you have learned.
Move into the meditation hall for your practice session. Slip away into a deep meditative state, relaxing in the quiet, peaceful setting of Mahasi.
Overnight in Yangon.
Spiritual Burma Day 3 – Yangon – Golden Rock (B,L)
Depart Yangon early this morning for a journey by road to Kyaikhtiyo and the Golden Rock. The drive takes around 5 hours to reach the Kyaikhtiyo base camp. Near base camp have lunch at a local restaurant.
Travel by local, open-air truck along a winding road (45 minutes) where you will be dropped off at the junction camp to travel the final distance to Golden Rock on foot (a porter will carry your bag). The uphill trek is along a paved trekking path and offers great views of the surrounding area. For an easier alternative, four porters can carry you uphill in a specially-made sedan chair allowing you to enjoy the views without all of the hard work! (extra charge for sedan chair)
After about one hour of trekking, reach the Golden Rock. A huge boulder covered by gold leaf and delicately balanced on the edge of a cliff, Golden Rock is one of Burma’s main pilgrimage sites. The pagoda here is said to hold a hair of the Buddha and Buddhist from across the country come here to pay homage.
Overnight near Golden Rock.
Spiritual Burma Day 4 – Golden Rock – Bago – Yangon (B,L)
After breakfast, return to the base-camp by open-air truck and begin the return journey to Yangon. En route, stop in Bago, the capital of the 16th century Mon kingdom. We’ll have lunch in Bago.
Your visit in Bago begins at Shwethalyaung Temple which houses a beautiful 55 meter long reclining Buddha. Take a short visit to a nearby Mon neighbourhood, a charming, quiet area typical of many rural neighbourhoods in Burma. Continue to the Mon-style Shwemawdaw Pagoda, one of the most venerated in Burma and whose 114 meter spire is taller than the one at Shwedagon Pagoda. From here we take a 15 minute walk to nearby Hinthar Gone Pagoda. The walk passes by many monasteries and nunneries and is a great opportunity to see the simple, peaceful lives of the monks and nuns.
At Hinthar Gone Pagoda there is an extravagant nat shrine with dozens of statues and offerings. Depending on the day you may have the chance to witness a traditional nat dance. (Note: Schedule depends upon donor offering; can only be confirmed one day before arrival)
On the way back to Yangon if time allows, stop at the Allied War Cemetery near Htaukkyan. This beautiful, peaceful cemetery is the final resting place for over 27,000 Allied soldiers.
Overnight in Yangon.
Spiritual Burma Day 5 – Yangon – Ava – Mandalay (B)
Early this morning transfer to the Yangon Airport for the flight to Mandalay.
On the way in from the airport drive to the city of Ava where a short ferry ride will take us across the river to where our horse and carriage are waiting. Visit the old wooden Bagaya Monastery, a typical Burmese monastery with two buildings- the one at the east is only for the Buddha and the western building is the place for the monks. There are many small villages located amid Ava’s ruins and as you travel by horse and cart you’ll get a glimpse of local life in the Burmese countryside. Continue toward town for lunch and to check in to your hotel.
This afternoon explore the surroundings of Mandalay Hill. Stop at Shwe Nan Daw Kyaung, Golden Palace Monastery, which is decorated with exquisite wood carvings. The walls are decorated with wooden figures such as nats (spirits), zawgyi (alchemist) and Hanuman (a mythological monkey). There are also, unusually, Christian angels there, but serving as a nat. Nat shines and nat figures are taking important roles in daily life of Burmese people and they can be found blended with the art of Buddhist figures. Then you will visit to Ku Tho Daw Monastery, which is also known as ‘the world’s largest book’ due to its 729 inscribed marble slabs. Each slab is housed by a small temple and it is amazing to see the whole complex.
Your final stop today is 63rd Street where, in the late afternoon, dozens of stalls set up on the street to serve snacks and offerings to the locals. Visit Maha Lawka Yan Hnain Aung Daw Mu Myat Swar Paya where you will witness Buddhist pilgrims grinding thanaka to scent water for washing the Buddha statues. There are also many other symbolic spiritual places at the temple, including a small pond with fish and turtles.
Overnight in Mandalay.
Spiritual Burma Day 6 – Mandalay – Sagain – Amarapura – Mandalay (B)
Your guide and car will pick you up at the hotel and take you to Sagaing, a 45-minute drive. Located across the Irrawaddy River, Sagaing is considered by many to be the Buddhist centre of Burma.
Drive up to Sagaing Hill to Umin Thonzeh. The name translates as ’30 Caves Pagoda’ but in reality the temple is one long hallway built alongside a hill with thirty recessed entrances giving it the appearance of being filled with caves. Inside the building you will find 45 Buddha images, an auspicious number 45 reflecting the number of years that Gotama Buddha was enlightened as a Buddha.
Then proceed to Swan Oo Pon Nya Shin pagoda and enjoy wonderful panoramic view of Sagaing Hill with hundreds of stupas. If you look up at the ceiling at Swan Oo Pon Nya Shin you will find the old paintings describing the 16 scene dream sequence of Kawthala King. Finally continue to Kaung Mu Daw, an unusual hemispherical dome stupa that reaches 46 metres in height. At the bottom of the dome there are 120 niches, each with its own guardian nat. Return to the bottom of the hills where we’ll visit a local nunnery, a chance to the lifestyle of the Burmese nuns and learn more about their beliefs and daily activities.
Continue to the famed Mahamuni Pagoda. This pagoda is home to one of the country’s most revered Buddha images which, over the years, have been covered with gold leaf giving it an almost ‘lumpy’ texture. Mandalay is well known for its skilled craftsmen and as you tour traditional workshops, you will learn more about the city’s cottage industries. Observe the production of wood carvings, kalaga tapestries, and gold-leaf where the techniques remained unchanged from those used centuries ago to craft items for the Royal Court.
Your final stop today will be in Amarapura. Visit will be to Bagaya Monastery, where you will find a collection of Buddha images from 16th to 20th centuries reflecting many different styles. It is also a good place to learn about mudras, the statue’s hand gestures which have different meanings. There is also a library with a collection of palm leaves etched with various sections of Tripidaka. Some of the oldest book date back to the early 18th century. Then visit Mahagandayon monastery, when over one-thousand monks reside.
Before departing Amarapura go to U Bein Bridge for a walk along this 200 year-old teak bridge. The bridge was constructed of 984 teak posts that were once part of the deserted Inwa Palace and it is 1.2 kilometers in length making it the world’s longest teak span. Enjoy a stroll along the bridge and fabulous views of the surrounding farms and streams.
Return to your hotel.
Overnight in Mandalay.
Spiritual Burma Day 7 – Mandalay – Mt. Popa (B,L)
OPTION: Awake early this morning (0400) and transfer to Mahamuni Pagoda to witness the ritualistic washing of the Buddha’s face.
After breakfast at the hotel, commence the scenic drive to Bagan and Mount Popa. Along the way, you will have an opportunity to visit local villages in order to learn about Burma culture, tradition and lifestyle of local people.
We’ll reach Paleik after about 45 minutes and commence our visit at the famous ‘snake temple’. This temple features a statue of Buddha surrounded by snakes and the locals believe that this image brings good luck. Thus every day they gather the pythons, which live at the temple, to wash them in water. They also clean the Buddha image daily with water. After visiting this unusual site, continue with a short-sightseeing tour around the town which has Ava-style temples before returning to Mandalay.
Continue the drive to Mt Popa and stop along the way for lunch in Meiktila. Late this afternoon we’ll arrive at Mt Popa, an extinct volcano standing 1518 metres high. Mount Popa has played an important role in Myanmar culture, religion and history since earliest times. Its shrine is dedicated to the worship of the 37 Nats, the Burmese ancient animist spirits.
Check in to Popa Mountain Resort with fabulous views over the surrounding area.
Overnight at Popa Mountain Resort.
Spiritual Burma Day 8 – Mount Popa – Bagan (B,L)
After a leisurely breakfast, transfer down to the base of Mt Popa. Its shrine is dedicated to the worship of the 37 Nats, the Burmese ancient animist spirits. Learn about nats and nat worship as you climb the stairs to the top with your local guide. The view over the Myingyan Plain from the top of the volcanic peak is impressive (and the climb is optional!).
We’ll then begin the drive to Bagan, a one-hour journey. Along the way we will stop in a local village where the people use the fruit of the palm tree to make wine and molasses. Witness the incredible production process. Upon arrival in Bagan enjoy a tasty lunch at a local restaurant.
Then check into your hotel and take time to relax and freshen up.
Late this afternoon we will embark on a horse-cart ride through the temple plains to one of Bagan’s many stupas where we can walk to the top to watch the sun set.
Overnight in Bagan.
Spiritual Burma Day 9 – Bagan Sightseeing (B)
This program includes a range of sites, providing a great overview of Bagan’s history, culture and local lifestyles.
The journey begins with a visit to an elevated temple with spectacular views over the surrounding plains. This is the perfect introduction to the grandeur and scope of Bagan’s architecture. Next continue to Ananda Temple, one of the most revered temples in Bagan and which is quiet in the morning, before all the tour buses arrive. Afterwards we will go to Myinkaba Village and visit Gubyaukgyi Temple which is noted for its beautiful mural paintings on its inner walls and well-preserved plaster carvings on its exterior. Nearby is Manuha Temple and Nan Paya Temple, two smaller temples with nice Buddha statues and stone work.
Then get to learn more about the local culture with a visit to two workshops producing Bagan’s most famous products: lacquer ware and wood crafts. Watch as the skilled craftsmen use techniques passed down through generations to create beautiful items. Take a break with lunch and return to your hotel for a short rest, escaping the extreme heat of the midday sun.
Board a private river boat and set off upriver toward Kyauk Gu U Min. Throughout your Irrawaddy river cruise you will be treated to fabulous scenes of life on the water: fishermen, local ferry boats, riverside villages and views of the Bagan temples. You’ll stop at Sae Lan village and go ashore for a short walk. Sae Lan is typical of the riverside villages along the Irrawaddy. The friendly people work as farmers and fishermen, living a simple but happy life. Continue by boat to Kyauk Gu U Min on the eastern side of the river where a five to ten minute walk takes us to the temple. This beautiful temple has exquisite stone carvings depicting religious figures and flowers on the door. The temple itself is built against the side of cliff, so behind the main hall of the temple you can enter a cave. Inside the cave there are several small niches where individuals can practice meditation. Legend states that the cave was built during the 13th century for the locals to hide from the invading Mongols.
After your exploration of Kyauk Gu U Min, you’ll return to the boat for a relaxing cruise back to Bagan (around 1 hour). Transfer back to your hotel upon reaching Bagan.
Overnight in Bagan.
Spiritual Burma Day 10 – Bagan – Yangon – Departure (B)
After breakfast transfer to airport for flight to Yangon.
Rates vary frequently. Please contact us to get the best possible price based upon your travel period and specific touring needs, private basis not join in, please inquire for pricing which varies depending on accommodation standards.
Our services include:
9 nights accommodation on half-twin room basis with daily breakfast
Meals as mentioned in the program (B = breakfast, L = Lunch, D = Dinner)
English-speaking guide throughout the trip (except for 1-passenger basis which will be a different station guide in each destination)
Horse cart tours in Ava and Bagan
Boat trip to Kyauk Gu Umin in Bagan
All transfers and excursions with private air-conditioned vehicles
Entrance fees for the visits mentioned in the program
Water and refreshing towels
Permission for monastery meditation visits
Porter fees at airports
Our services do not include:
International ticket to/from Yangon
Domestic flights (please refer to the table below)
Meals other than mentioned(B = breakfast, L = Lunch, D = Dinner)
Visa arrangements for Burma
Visits not mentioned in the program
Drinks and personal expenses
Tips and porters at the hotels
International airport departure tax Yangon(USD 10/pax at present however this can change)
Any other items not mentioned
Creating Unique Touring Experiences
All the touring itineraries on this website have been carefully crafted by our in-country management teams and represent a series of experiences we can certainly recommend. However, we understand that every travel experience should be as unique and individual as each traveler. Our consultants are waiting to hear from you so that we can tailor or custom design a Burma tour to your individual specifications.